You know an infinitive always consists of to and the base form of the verb. Gerunds and infinitives with verbs perfect english grammar. English grammar today a reference to written and spoken english grammar and usage cambridge dictionary. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your english skills. Infinitives with and without to english grammar today. We can use an object before the infinitive with these verbs. As the object of a sentence, it is more difficult to choose between a gerund or an infinitive. Verbs which can be followed by this form include advise, ask, allow, expect, encourage, force, help, invite, order, persuade, need, tell they helped their neighbour to fix his car. In english, when we talk about the infinitive we are usually referring to the present infinitive, which is the most common.
Knowing which verbs or phrases are followed by gerunds, infinitives or either can. The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences. Gerunds and infinitives can function as the subject of a sentence or the object of a verb. Using gerunds and infinitives gerunds and infinitives are verb forms that can take the place of a noun in a sentence. These verbs include force, persuade, ask, convince. Ive never really liked people me what to do and it felt like that at university. Gi006 gerund or infinitive fill in the correct form intermediate. After the following verbs, we normally use the object before a toinfinitive. Types of verbals, participles, gerund, infinitive, using. The gerund and the toinfinitive as subject article pdf available in journal of english linguistics 314. As part of the larger verb phrase taking the toefl exam, the verb take is the prepositional object of the preposition about. If you havent already seen it, look at our full verb list here to once and for all settle this difficult grammar point with reference to the object that is included in the examples.
Depending on the verb, adjective or noun it follows, we can use the infinitive with or without to e. Verb patterns in english grammar tell us whether to use the infinitive or the gerund after certain words. Read the first sentence, and choose the most suitable verb to complete the second sentence. Verbs followed by a gerund or an infinitive without change in meaning anlamda degisiklik olmadan ing fiil veya to fiil ile alabilen fiiller begin. Gerunds and infinitives mastarlar, isim fiiller konu anlat. Gerund and infinitive worksheets are in pdf format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results. Gi007 gerund or infinitive fill in the correct form intermediate. The following guidelines and lists will help you figure out whether a gerund or infinitive is needed. Note that many of the verbs listed above can also be followed by an ing form or a. Well, i told him to be nice to everybody i told you to do it. English reporting verbs like tell, warn, remind and encourage, are often followed by an object and then an infinitive with to, like this elena. Gi003 gerund or infinitive fill in the correct form intermediate. Usually, the main verb in the sentence determines whether you use a gerund or an infinitive. In such situations, gerunds and infinitives are not normally interchangeable.
As we saw in the verbs lesson, the infinitive is formed using the preposition to to walk, to eat, etc. Forget with the infinitive means something happens at or after a certain time. Depending upon the verb and accompanying meaning, the object may be an infinitive or a gerund. Following a verb gerund or infinitive both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. If you make a mistake, people will understand you even if it sounds a little funny.
Infinitive with an object gerund without an object advise. If you havent already seen it, look at our full verb list here to once and for all settle this difficult grammar point. I never wanted to go to university but my parents persuaded me. The gerund is formed using the ending ing walking, eating, etc. Therefore, you should be aware on how to use both of the properly. Here are some of the most common verbs that are usually followed by the gerund. Verbs followed by an object and the toinfinitive advise allow ask beg cause choose. Gerund and infinitive pdf worksheets english vocabulary. Note that help can also be followed by the infinitive without to with no difference in meaning. Gi004 gerund or infinitive fill in the correct form intermediate. Infinitives with and without to english grammar today a reference to written and spoken english grammar and usage cambridge dictionary. Infinitive and gerund infinitive after an adjective example. Here the structure what to do is the object of the verb know.
Verbs that show emotion and the fulfillment of unfulfillment of an activity may affect the meaning depending on the choice of an infinitive or a gerund. Verbs followed by an object and a to infinitive can also be passive. Words with a different meaning word infinitive meaning gerund meaning forget remember. A gerund is a verb form that ends in ing and is used as a noun walking, traveling, voting. The gerund and the infinitive are forms of verbs that act as nouns. An infinitive is the basic form of a verb as in to talk.
Download the complete list in pdf here see this page for verbs which change their meaning when followed by the gerund or the infinitive. An extension of gerund vs infinitive grammar is to learn how to add an object into the mix. Regret with the infinitive is used to give bad news in a formal, polite way. The negative infinitive is formed with not i told you not to do it. Although there are similarities, there are also differences between the two, and that is, a gerund can be the object of a preposition. However, using a gerund or an infinitive will greatly change the meaning of your sentences. Verbs followed by a gerund or an infinitive with change in meaning anlam. English reporting verbs like tell, warn, remind and encourage, are often followed by an object and then an infinitive with to, like this. There are, however, four other forms of the infinititive.
After days of pointless fighting, the marines were ordered to withdraw. Word infinitive with an object gerund without an object advise i advise you to go by bus. As a prepositional object, take must be expressed as the gerund. Aug 26, 2019 an infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with to. Verbs which can be followed by this form include advise, ask, allow, expect, encourage, force, help, invite, order, persuade, need, tell. Rule 5 if a verb is a prepositional object, it should be a gerund, not an infinitive. The choice of a gerund or an infinitive, in some instances, does not affect the meaning of a verb. Here is a lost of infinitives which are often but not always, these two parts are together. You understand many of the verb combinations taking either a gerund or an infinitive.1328 825 509 627 34 1477 474 1253 118 1351 836 490 1435 766 1552 132 336 981 630 33 1248 1365 824 1063 59 951 631 629 411 204 1095