Apr 15, 2020 ephedra fragilis in world checklist of selected plant families. Ephedra fragilis ephedra nebrodensis quercus rotundifolia quercus coccifera quercus faginea arbutus unedo rhamnus lycioides rhamnus alaternus olea europaea subsp. Aug 05, 2019 the whole ephedra sinica plant has traditionally been used to treat symptoms of bronchial asthma, colds, influenza, allergies, and hives in teas or tinctures. It demonstrates the existence of two populations of the buprestid buprestis yamina sanguinea fabricius, 1798 in the province of almeria, on ephedra fragilis desf. Because of adverse events and lack of efficacy, use is not recommended for weight loss or increased athletic performance. Members of this genus contain various medicinally active alkaloids but notably ephedrine and they are widely used in preparations for the treatment of asthma and catarrh. Ephedra fragilis, commonly named the joint pine, is a species of ephedra that is native to eastern mediterranean region of southern europe and northern africa, and from madeira and the canary islands in the atlantic its habitats are rocky hills and stone walls, where it grows to 6 feet 1. Jul 18, 2015 the aim of this study was to measure the total alkaloids content tac, total phenolics content tpc, and total flavonoids content tfc and determine their relationship in dry herb of ephedra major, ephedra distachya subsp. Agrobacterium rhizogenes, alkaloid, ephedra, lephedrine, gnetophytes, gymnosperm. Thousands of new, highquality pictures added every day. The chemical compositions of the essential oils of the aerial parts of ephedra distachya, e. The aim of this study was to measure the total alkaloids content tac, total phenolics content tpc, and total flavonoids content tfc and determine their relationship in dry herb of ephedra major, ephedra distachya subsp. Ephedra fragilis describiose por rene louiche desfontaines y espublizose en flora atlantica 2.
Ephedra fragilis in kew science plants of the world online. An ephedra fragilis in nahilalakip ha genus nga ephedra, ngan familia nga ephedraceae. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Ephedra fragilis moris, 1828 ephedra fragilis lowe bibliographic references. Each plant profile in the database contains nomenclature info, botanical data, plant description, large, highresolution pictures, images and photos of the plants and its parts, detailed information such as uses, history, habitat, and medicinal properties, ph properties.
However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Ephedrine can be produced by chemical synthesis and in its pure form. Many find themselves turning to complementary or alternative treatments out of frustration when they are having limited success with prescription drugs and other approved. Ephedra foeminea in world checklist of selected plant families. Scientific assessment of ephedra species ephedra spp. Ephedra use is linked to high blood pressure, heart attacks, muscle disorders, seizures, strokes, irregular heartbeat, loss of consciousness, and death. Jobs captain provides free download gk in gujarati or gk material in gujarati general knowledge like gujarat all district, all famous festival etc are listed below gk in gujarati pdf s covers all subject and topics which is useful in all competitive exams. Evidence for a double mutualistic interaction between a.
Ephedra is a genus of gymnosperm shrubs, the only genus in its family, ephedraceae, and order, ephedrales. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. The record derives from wcsp data supplied on 20120323 which reports it as an accepted name record 332930 with original publication details. Ephedraceae, a locally cultivated medicinal plant, is a source of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine, two important alkaloids, which have long played an important pharmacological role. The plants database includes the following 19 species of ephedra. On the one hand, we assessed the lizard contribution to different fitness measures seed set and germination success, relative to that of insects and the wind effect. May 12, 2011 deep healing energy 528hz ancient frequency sound healing session zen meditation duration. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Find ephedra stock images in hd and millions of other royaltyfree stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the shutterstock collection. Pharmacological effects depend on the phytocomposition of individual ephedra species.
Essential oil composition of three italian species of ephedra. This page was last edited on 9 december 2014, at 03. Ephedra profile ephedra ephedra sinica, also known as mahuang, is an herbal stimulant drug composed of two active compounds pseudoephedrine and ephedrine that are ingredients in many overthecounter products. Both localities have registered almost simultaneously in two different parts of the province. The capsule from bacteroides, a common gut symbiont, has long been a model system for studying the molecular mechanisms of hostsymbiont interactions. Ephedra fragilis, commonly named the joint pine, is a species of ephedra that is native to eastern mediterranean region of southern europe and northern africa, and from madeira and the canary islands in the atlantic its habitats are rocky hills and. Ephedra products contain ephedra haulm or extracts of ephedra haulm and their ephedra alkaloid content differs widely.
Ephedra plant close up download this royalty free stock photo in seconds. Canadian journal of botany canadian science publishing. Ephedra fragilis in world checklist of selected plant families. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and uptodate information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in. Ephedra can cause severe lifethreatening or disabling conditions in some people. The ephedra lineage has a long evolutionary history, extending at least to the late mesozoic. Ephedra sinica or mahuang is an evergreen shrub native to central asia. Latin name ephedra foeminea ephedra fragilis subsp. Ephedra containing supplements are banned for sale in the united.
A phasevariable surface layer from the gut symbiont. In vivo tumours of ephedra fragilis and ephedra minima contained up to 0. Ephedra ephedra sinica, also known as mahuang, is an herbal stimulant drug composed of two active compounds pseudoephedrine and ephedrine that are ingredients in many overthecounter products. Ephedra fragilis is an evergreen shrub growing to 1.
A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. From near extinction to diversification by means of a. An ephedra foeminea in nahilalakip ha genus nga ephedra, ngan familia nga ephedraceae. These species grow in dry climate over wide areas of the northern hemisphere including north america,europe, north africa, and south west and central asia.
The various species of ephedra are widespread in many lands, native to southwestern north america, southern europe, northern africa, southwest and central asia, northern china and western south america in temperate climates, most ephedra species grow on shores or in. Here, we assessed the pollination effectiveness of a double mutualism between an ancient mediterranean gymnosperm, ephedra fragilis, and a lizard, podarcis lilfordi. It can also be sown in spring in a greenhouse in a sandy compost. Holocene climate variability, vegetation dynamics and fire.
Ephedra californica and ephedra viridis contain pseudoephedrine, but no ephedrine adams jr. Deep healing energy 528hz ancient frequency sound healing session zen meditation duration. These side effects might be more likely if ephedra is used in high doses or longterm. Chemical composition of various ephedra species directory. Ephedra funerea death valley jointfir ephedra gerardiana. Ephedra altissima buch 1828, illegitimate homonym, not desf. The aim of this study was to measure the total alkaloids content tac, total phenolics content tpc, and total flavonoids content tfc and determine their relationship in dry herb of ephedra. Ephedra monosperma, ephedra fragilis, ephedra foeminea, ephedra alata, ephedra altissima and ephedra foliata. The fda regulates ephedrine, the synthesized form of ephedra. Ephedra cutleri peebles cutlers jointfir, cutlers mormon tea, cutlers ephedra. Reed navajo mormon tea, corys ephedra, corys jointfir. Pdf chemical composition of various ephedra species.
The present study investigated the in vitro effects of ephedrine and the ephedra branch extract on unstimulated lymphocytes. The bacteroides capsule is thought to consist of an array of phasevariable polysaccharides that give rise to subpopulations with distinct cell surface structures. Itis taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Each plant profile in the database contains nomenclature info, botanical data, plant description, large, highresolution pictures, images and photos of the plants and its parts, detailed information such as. Gujarati gk pdf download general knowledge in gujarati. Efedra fragile dipartimento di scienze della vita, universita di trieste progetto dryades picture by andrea moro vienna, centro cittadino, hortus botanicus vindobonensis, orto botanico delluniversita di vienna. Media in category ephedra fragilis the following 30 files are in this category, out of 30 total. Effects of ephedrine and ephedra fragilis crude extracts. Seed best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a greenhouse. This is the profile for the plant ephedra fragilis jointpine efedra. Surface pollenvegetation relationships in the foreststeppe. Witkamp, in comprehensive natural products ii, 2010. Seu uso medicinal esta documentado desde ha cinco mil anos na china, onde esta erva e conhecida pelo nome ma huang.
The various species of ephedra are widespread in many lands, native to southwestern north america, southern europe, northern africa, southwest and central asia, northern china and western south america in temperate climates, most ephedra species grow on shores or in sandy soils with. Ephedra is a genus of gymnosperm shrubs, the only genus in the family ephedraceae and order ephedrales. The species is dioecious individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. Artist barrie gledden, ryan spendlove, steve dymond, jason pedder.
Ephedra equisetina bunge mongolian ephedra, ma huang. Ephedra commonly known as joint pine, joint fir, mormon tea or brigham tea is the only genus in family ephedraceae and order ephedrales. These plants occur in dry climates over a wide area mainly in the northern hemisphere, across southern europe, north africa, southwest and central asia, southwestern north america, and, in the southern hemisphere, in south america south to patagonia. General knowledge is most important to pass any competitive exam. The board of trustees of the royal botanic gardens, kew.1416 525 965 1324 917 206 408 966 1417 166 1191 1342 792 1568 1476 1120 268 392 654 154 556 174 908 1278 69 1565 1197 24 869 541 809 31 624 681 1237 292 263 408 406 110 1484 822 1453 539 962 1227 991